It is possible that every person feels with gardening at some point in their life. There are some who give up frustrated after losing the first plants.
Sometimes mistakes are simply carelessness or bad decisions made at some point, however it is more important to keep in mind that without them learn.
There is nothing worse than dream of a garden, spend hours and see that plant growth is pathetic and does not progress tomatoes-and you thought to reap never appear. This list below attempts to summarize the most common mistakes in gardening, including home gardens.
- Water unconscious. Many of the plants that die at the hands of a novice gardener were drowned in water or dried often. The important thing is to know the ideal for every kind moisture. The best evidence; bury the finger to the first knuckle on earth regularly for is sufficiently wet or dry for the type of plant. If your finger goes with rammed earth, it is wet and if it comes out dry and relatively clean, then it needs watering.
- Plant or wrong place. It is important to know whether the plant needs sun or shade, if you prefer dry or moist soil, and then try to offer these conditions. Plants should be purchased according to the conditions and environment that can allow the garden. This should also help avoid problems with pests and diseases eventually. A weak plant will be more susceptible to disease and pests. Find this information in books, catalogs or garden store.
- Do not offer enough space. Every living thing occupies and needs space and plants are no exception. Read through and follow the planting of each plant. Example: If a tree planting requires a space of 15 feet around, should not plant shrubs to fill permanent as the tree grows, it can affect the development of the tree eventually. Same goes with perennials (plants that never die); if planted too close, after a while they will be competing for space, sunlight and nutrients; other than that they may begin to weaken and even death. If you dislike the remaining space between plants as they grow (period which can take more than one or two years in some cases), better plant annuals (seasonal) or biennial between spaces.
- Ignoring climate and area. Aside from knowing which plants grow well in the tropics, you should consider the differences between growing in mountains, where temperatures can drop to around 50 ° F, or on a coast where temperatures never drop below 75 ° F. Besides every garden works within a given micro-climate: A hill to the south, you will receive much more sun than a hill facing north. Topography also can affect drafts. It is important to know all these considerations when choosing to plant and its location.
- Use large amounts of fertilizers or manures. First, only talk about organic fertilizers. Any other fertilizer that is not natural or organic will not be explained here, much less recommended. With the ticket, many think, “if a dose of fertilizer is good, two is better. ” Eeeehhh ‘very bad. It is important to know how each plant needs. It is recommended to use compost tea, since being a liquid diluted in water, it is very difficult to over-dosing. Pour much fertilizer can result in rapid growth and simultaneously to make the plant more susceptible to pests and diseases.
- Do not use chip to maintain moisture. Chip to retain water and moisture, better known as mulch reduces evaporation, holds moisture, prevents undesirable grasses grow and helps keep warm and less dry roots. Besides, over time the mulch decomposes and adds more organic matter to the soil. The mulch should be used for all vegetables, herbs, perennials, trees and shrubs. A layer of at least 3 “should be sufficient. No need to buy mulch if you have to hand leaves and / or dry grass and wood chips.
- Zero site preparation. Except in literary works, and soon we hear the term plowing these days. Well know if the land is not plowed, the plants do not produce. A common mistake is: have the plant (fruit or vegetable), stir the grass, planted and within months, although the plant is alive, we note that has no ‘cast pa’lante. And years pass and never bears fruit … Possible reason: Never Land was prepared. Apart from removing the grass, the land should be plowed at least to a depth of 12 inches, to acquire air and soil porosity. After plowing and before sowing, it is important to incorporate a mixture of fertile soil and compost that serve as nutrients at first.
- Ignoring the play of sun and shadow. There are plants that require long periods of sun (at least 6 hours) and you should not assume that because the sun is strong at noon may be less time in the sun; and then can be planted in an area that later in the afternoon give shade. Many plants require long periods of sun exposure, although some require periods of shadow. The important thing is not to assume and better follow the specifications of each species.
- Do not discuss specific garden conditions. Rain, wind, temperature, humidity, and soil percolation are just some of the elements that are specific to each garden and should be studied before sowing. If these elements are not taken into account, frustration and death of plants may be higher. Verifies and analyzes the planting area for a reasonable period of time (two to six weeks at least). Observed patterns of wind, rain and how they affect different areas of the garden or orchard.
- Listen to the “experts”. After taking all the work to analyze, plan, plow and plant the orchard or garden, anyone becomes expert. Listen opinions, but recognizes that in this case the expert knows your garden as well or slightly more than you. Trust your instincts and then you can make mistakes, acknowledge that